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Art & Design

We use Chris Quigley Essentials for our Art skills

Take a look at the Milestones below 

Key Stage 1 Key Stage 2

• Use experiences and ideas as the inspiration for artwork.

• Share ideas using drawing, painting and sculpture.

• Explore a variety of techniques.

• Learn about the work of a range of artists, artisans and designers.

• Use experiences, other subjects across the curriculum and ideas as inspiration for artwork.

• Develop and share ideas in a sketchbook and in finished products.

• Improve mastery of techniques.

• Learn about the great artists, architects and designers in history.



Milestone 1

Milestone 2

To develop ideas


• Respond to ideas and starting points.
• Explore ideas and collect visual information.
• Explore different methods and materials as
ideas develop.

• Develop ideas from starting points
throughout the curriculum.
• Collect information, sketches and resources.
• Adapt and refine ideas as they progress.
• Explore ideas in a variety of ways.
• Comment on artworks using visual language.

To master techniques


• Use thick and thin brushes.
• Mix primary colours to make secondary.
• Add white to colours to make tints and black
to colours to make tones.
• Create colour wheels.

• Use a number of brush techniques using thick
and thin brushes to produce shapes, textures,
patterns and lines.
• Mix colours effectively.
• Use watercolour paint to produce washes for
backgrounds then add detail.
• Experiment with creating mood with colour.


• Use a combination of materials that are cut,
torn and glued.
• Sort and arrange materials.
• Mix materials to create texture.

• Select and arrange materials for a striking
• Ensure work is precise.
• Use coiling, overlapping, tessellation, mosaic
and montage.


• Use a combination of shapes.
• Include lines and texture.
• Use rolled up paper, straws, paper, card and
clay as materials.
• Use techniques such as rolling, cutting,
moulding and carving.

• Create and combine shapes to create
recognisable forms (e.g. shapes made from
nets or solid materials).
• Include texture that conveys feelings,
expression or movement.
• Use clay and other mouldable materials.
• Add materials to provide interesting detail.


• Draw lines of different sizes and thickness.

• Colour (own work) neatly following the lines.

• Show pattern and texture by adding dots and lines.

• Show different tones by using coloured pencils.

• Use different hardnesses of pencils to show line, tone and texture.

• Annotate sketches to explain and elaborate ideas.

• Sketch lightly (no need to use a rubber to correct mistakes).

• Use shading to show light and shadow.

• Use hatching and cross hatching to show tone and texture.


• Use repeating or overlapping shapes.

• Mimic print from the environment (e.g. wallpapers).

• Use objects to create prints (e.g. fruit, vegetables or sponges).

• Press, roll, rub and stamp to make prints.

• Use layers of two or more colours.

• Replicate patterns observed in natural or built environments. 

• Make printing blocks (e.g. from coiled string glued to a block).

• Make precise repeating patterns.


• Use weaving to create a pattern.

• Join materials using glue and/or a stitch.

• Use plaiting.

• Use dip dye techniques.

• Shape and stitch materials.

• Use basic cross stitch and back stitch.

• Colour fabric.

• Create weavings.

• Quilt, pad and gather fabric.

Digital media

• Use a wide range of tools to create different textures, lines, tones, colours and shapes.

• Create images, video and sound recordings and explain why they were created.

To take inspiration from the greats (classic and modern)


• Describe the work of notable artists,
artisans and designers.
• Use some of the ideas of artists studied to
create pieces.

• Replicate some of the techniques used by
notable artists, artisans and designers.
• Create original pieces that are influenced by
studies of others.